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Adolph Schlatter

 

Adolph Schlatter is my paternal grandfather.  He was born 11 October 1863 in  Ganterswil, Switzerland, a small town in St. Gallen Canton, Switzerland.  He died in Shaw, Mississippi, 26 November 1930.  He was a baker.

I know almost nothing about him -- he died 14 years before I was born and my father never talked about  him.  My paternal grandmother, Emma Waldner Schlatter, and Adolph were married in September 1910.  They arrived in the US at Ellis Island on 31 October 1910.  Adolph and Emma had three sons:

  •  John; born 21 May 1911, died 30 September 1960

  • Joseph (my father; born 1 August 1915, died 29 November 2005.

  •  Fred; born 26 October 1921, died 3 January 2010.

In late 2009 and early 2010, my brother and I exchanged several email messages about family history matters.  My brother did a bit of Internet research and found a number of records pertaining to our grandfather that filled in a few holes in our information about him.  Still, we know very little about our father's father.  This article provides details, conclusions, and matters for further research regarding our grandfather, John Adolph Schlatter.

The contents of this page are:

Photos of my grandparents, Adolph Schlatter and Emma Waldner Schlatter.

 Adolph's Travels between Switzerland and US

First marriage:  Louise Kleiner, Solomon Barfuss, and Adolph Schlatter

Adolph Schlatter and Louise Kleiner Schlatter in Senatobia, Mississippi

Adolph, Emma, and Sons in Shaw, Mississippi

Alfred Schlatter and Heinrich Reinhold Schlatter, Adolph's Brothers

Adolph's Father, Josef/Joseph Schlatter (my great-grandfather)

Adolph's Family in Switzerland ; information from Swiss Family Registers(opens a new page)

Adolph Schlatter's pocket watch

 


Dates in Adolph's life

Date Event Notes
11 October 1863 Born, Ganterswil, Switzerland Father:  Josef Schlatter
Mother:  Ana Früh
25 August 1890 Arrives Ellis Island, NY Destination:  NY; Occupation: Baker
???? Returns to Switzerland  
30 June 1897 Arrives Ellis Island, NY Destination: Riverhead, LI,  NY; Occupation: Baker
November 1903 In Memphis, TN Entries in Adolph's diary
January 1904 Operating bakery in Senatobia, MS Entries in Adolph's diary.
Bakery advertisements in Senatobia, MS, newspaper
7 March 1906 Marriage license issued, Shelby County (Memphis), TN:  Adolph Schlatter and Louise Kleiner Shelby County (Memphis), TN, court documents
1906 - 1908 Adolph and Louise in Senatobia, MS, operating bakery Entries in Adolph's diary.
Bakery advertisements in Senatobia, MS, newspaper
6 August 1908 Adolph, Louise, and "Baby Louise" depart NY  on steamship for Havre, France,  enroute to Switzerland Entries in Adolph's diary
September 1908 - October 1910 Adolph in Switzerland, traveling with Louise, "Louise and the baby." Entries in Adolph's diary
25 September 1910 Adolph marries Emma Waldner Entry on Adolph's application for US citizenship, date March 1923
31 October 1910 Adolph and Emma arrive in NY, Ellis Island Ellis Island ship manifest
January 1911 Adolph files in Shelby County (Memphis), TN, court for divorce from Louise Kleiner Schlatter Grounds of abandonment.  In June 1911 he moves to dismiss the suit.  Shelby County (Memphis), TN, court documents
21 May 1911 Adolph and Emma's first son, John, born, Cleveland, MS  
1 August 1915 Adolph and Emma's second son, Joseph, born Cleveland, MS (my father)  
1920 Adolph, Emma, and two sons listed in US census  
26 October 1921 Adolph and Emma's third son, Fred, born Cleveland, MS  
1930 Adolph, Emma, three sons, and Emma's brother Louis listed in US census  
1930 ?? Adolph suffers stroke  
26 November 1930 Adolph dies; buried in Shaw, MS, cemetery  

 


Two photos of Adolph Schlatter.

 

(Left to right).  Infant Joseph A. Schlatter, Sr. (b. 1 August 1915, d. 29 November 2005); Adolph Schlatter, father; John A. Schlatter (b. 21 May 1911, d. 30 September 1960).  Do not know the date of this photo, but, Joseph -- on the right, born 1 August 1915 -- appears to be around 1 year old -- thus, date of photo probably sometime in 1916. 

Adolph Schlatter and Emma Waldner Schlatter; photo probably dates from 1929-1930.  He suffered a stroke in late 1929-early 1930 and died 26 November 1930.  In this photo he appears to be posed in a chair.  Note the evidence of a stroke:  left arm lying on his lap, appears to be unusable; left side of face is distorted -- arched left eyebrow, left corner of mouth does not match right side.  Notice the photo of Emma -- she has a goiter which is quite visible and a drooped left eye.

The following is what we know about our Grandfather Schlatter -- before you start reading this page, I need to warn you that it gets a bit complicated.



 Adolph's Travels between Switzerland and US

First entry into US; 16 August 1890

  • On his citizenship application he states he first entered US on 24 August 1890.  Ellis Island records do not go back that far. 
  • In our family records we have the original of what appears to be his steamship ticket showing he departed Havre, France, for New York on 16 August 1890.

Second entry into US; 30 June 1897

  • Adolph Schlatter entered the US a second time on 30 June 1897; his name was incorrectly entered on ship’s manifest as Adolph Schetter. Close examination of an image of the handwritten manifest shows that the name is written  "Schlatter;" the appearance of the name as "Schetter" probably is an error that occurred when the handwritten records were transcribed into electronic format.
  • I made this discovery when I searched the Ellis Island records using the partial name search capability.  I searched for “Ado Sch” who entered the US between 1890 and 1900.  I found the following entry:

Adolph Schlaetter:  Entered the US 30 June 1897 from Antwerp, vessel Westernland; last place of residence Zurich.

  • Adolph Schlatter was 34 years old in 1897, which yields date of birth = 1863.  He is a baker and his destination in the US is Riverhead, Long Island, where he has a brother.  Notation on the ship manifest says “has 1st paper.”  Manifest also shows him as married; I have no clue as to whom he was married in 1897.
  • We know that Adolph Schlatter first entered the US in 1890.  When he entered in 1897 he may have had with him his 1890 entry papers which would explain the notation “has 1st paper.”
  • We know from letters written by his brother Fred and by Fred’s friend that Adolph’s brother Fred lived in Patchogue, Long Island at time of his death in October – November 1905.  If his brother Fred was on Long Island in 1897, Adolph could have gone there to visit his brother.
  • Thus – appears that Adolph Schlatter entered the US on 30 June 1897, bound for Riverhead, LI.

Third entry into US; 31 October 1910

  • Adolf Schlatter and Emma Waldner entered the US at Ellis Island on 31 October 1910.
  •  Their names appear on a ship manifest found on the Ellis Island website.

First marriage:  Louise Kleiner, Solomon Barfuss, and Adolph Schlatter

In late 2006, after my mother was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, she and I went through all the family history "stuff" she had in folders, notebooks, and boxes.  Included in this "stuff" was a small memorandum book that my Grandfather Schlatter used as a diary for several years.  Here is an article that describes this memo book and has a transcript of his entries in the book.

Entries in this memo book/diary make it clear that Adolph was married to a woman named Louise Kleiner and they had a child named Louise.  In early 2010, my brother located two documents:

  •  A marriage license for Adolph Schlatter and Louise Kliener, issued in Shelby County (Memphis), TN.

HOWEVER -- it's not that simple.  Here's the as much of the story as I have pieced together.

Louise Kleiner and Solomon Barfuss

When I found references in  Adolph's diary to Louise, and when I realized that he was married to Louise, I searched the Ellis Island immigration records for Louise Kleiner.  I found her -- and I found a lot more -- this is what I found.

  • First, I found a ship manifest showing Louise Kleiner  entered US 22 November 1900.  Age 23 (Date of birth:  1900 – 23 = 1877).  She is listed in the entry document as:  Female, single; able to read and write
  • Other information about Louise is:  Hometown:  Geraldsweil, Switzerland.   ( In Adolph's notebook, Louise's hometown is Geroldswil. )   On the ship manifest, her occupation is listed as Barmaid and her final destination is listed as Memphis.

Now -- here's where it starts to get interesting.  On the ship's manifest where I found Louise Kleiner, I also found another name -- listed directly below Louise Kleiner’s name is:  Salomon/Solomon Barfuss, age 43, US citizen, saloon keeper from Memphis.   At this point I thought that perhaps Solomon Barfuss was in the business of importing young Swiss women to provide wives for lonely young Swiss men in the US.  It turned out to be much more complicated than that.

While searching around the Internet for information about Solomon Barfuss and Louise Kleiner, I found this page -- it's a listing of marriages in New York City.  Louise Kleiner and Solomon Barfuss arrived in the US on 22 November 1900.  In the NYC marriage listings, I find that Solomon Barfuss and Louisa Kleiner were married on 24 November 1900 !!  So -- if my grandfather married Louise Kleiner, and if this Louise (Louisa) Kleiner is the same person, what happened to the marriage between Louise Kleiner and Solomon Barfuss???

My brother found the answer in the Shelby County (Memphis), TN, circuit court records:  Louise Kleiner Barfuss divorced Solomon Barfuss in September 1905.

Here are copies of the court documents:

26 September 1905, Luise Barfuss sued for divorce from Solomon Barfuss.

The handwritten portion of this court record tells quite a tale. " That defendant's (Solomon Barfuss is the defendant.) conduct toward and treatment of petitioner (Louise) has been of such a cruel & inhuman character as renders it unsafe and improper for her to cohabit with him and be under his dominion and control. "   The court record, then, states that Solomon was abusing Louise and she sued for divorce.  The divorce decree was final on 11 October 1905.

Louise Kleiner and Adolph Schlatter

The marriage license for Adolph Schlatter and Louise Kleiner was issued on 7 March 1906 -- six months after Louise's divorce from Solomon Barfuss was final.

The following is a chronology based on the documents listed above and on entries in Adolph's diary:

Date

Location of diary entry, or, activity recorded on other document

30 June 1897 Adolph Schlatter arrives at Ellis Island
November 1900 Solomon Barfuss and Louise Kleiner arrive at Ellis Island, are married in NYC, go to Memphis at some point.

November 1903

Diary entry shows Adolph in Memphis

October 1903

Diary entry shows Adolph in Memphis

January 1904

Diary entry, newspaper advertisement shows Adolph operating bakery in Senatobia, Mississippi

March 1904

Diary entry, newspaper advertisement shows Adolph operating bakery in Senatobia, Mississippi

May 1904

Diary entry shows Adolph in Memphis

June 1904

Diary entry shows Adolph in Memphis

11 October 1905 Louise Kleiner's marriage to Solomon Barfuss is dissolved.
7 March 1906 Marriage license issued to Adolph Schlatter and Louise Kleiner in Shelby County (Memphis), TN

June 1908

Diary entry shows Adolph in Memphis

August 1908

Diary entry shows Adolph in Memphis

Adolph Schlatter and Louise Kleiner Schlatter must have returned to Switzerland in August or September 1908

September 1908

Diary entry shows Adolph in Switzerland; some entries mention Louise, "Louise and the baby," or Louise's parents; other entries describe Adolph's activities.

October 1908

Ditto

September 1909

Ditto

October 1909

Ditto

November 1909

Ditto

December 1909

Ditto

May 1910

Ditto

June 1910

Ditto

July 1910

Ditto

Based on records obtained from Ellis Island, NY, Adolph (Adolf) Schlatter and Emma Schlatter arrived at Ellis Island on 31 October 1910; departed from Antwerp.  They were married 25 September 1910.  No mention in Adolph's diary of Emma.

This chronology raises an important question:  Did Adolph divorce Louise before marrying Emma?  And the answer is, well, maybe not.

My brother found in the Shelby County, TN, court records a record of Adolph and Louise's divorce.

Now -- recall the chronology:  Adolph and Louise returned to Switzerland in August or September 1908.  Adolph and Emma married in September 1910 and came to the US in October 1910. 

According to the court records, Adolph filed for divorce from Louise on 23 March 1911 -- several  months after he and Emma were married.

 

And here's the best part -- read Adolph's statement in support of his divorce suit.

When I compare Adolph's statements in this divorce suit to what I know and can demonstrate are the facts, it appears that my old granddaddy was not exactly giving the facts to the court. 

  •  First, he states that . . . he is a resident of shelby county Tennessee (sic), that he has so resided in said state for more than two years prior to filing of the bill herein . . .   NOT TRUE.  This action was filed in March 1911.  Adolph and Emma arrived in the US in October 1910 -- only five months before he filed for divorce from Louise -- he was not telling the truth when he claimed to have been living in Tennessee for the previous two years.
  •  Then, he states that Louise -- the defendant -- willingly deserted him without reasonable cause . . . Well -- not exactly.  We don't know if Louise deserted Adolph, if he deserted her, or what happened between the time they married, lived in Mississippi, returned to Switzerland, and he returned to the US with Emma.  He knew exactly where she was -- in Switzerland where he had left her a few months before.  In the court documents are copies of newspaper advertisements that were placed asking for Louise to contact the court.  Adolph knew Louise was Switzerland, and, knew that he married Emma before divorcing Louise.

Regardless, Adolph withdrew the divorce suit and it was dismissed on 2 June 1911, some three months after it was filed.

 

Why would Adolph withdraw the divorce suit?  Here are a couple of theories:

  •  The Court discovered that he was not truthful when he stated that he had lived in Shelby County, TN, for two years before filing the divorce and he was told to drop the suit; or,
  •  He received word from Switzerland that Louise had divorced him in Switzerland, thus, he did not need to continue the action in Shelby County, TN; or,
  •  He decided to drop the whole thing.
  •  Who knows??

As noted above, my grandfather Adolph Schlatter's first wife -- at least we think she was his first wife -- was Louise Kleiner, whom he married in March 1906.  They had a daughter.  They operated a bakery shop in Senatobia, MS, for a few years, returning to Switzerland probably in August -- September 1908.  Adolph returned to the US in October 1910 with my grandmother, Emma Waldner, and divorced Louise somewhere along the line.

One final intriguing matter.  Adolph entered the US three times, the second entry was 30 July 1897.  On the ship's manifest, found on the Ellis Island website, the entry beside Adolph's name indicates he is married. I have reviewed the manifest and do not find a woman who could be his wife.  This matter requires more research.



Adolph Schlatter and Louise Kleiner Schlatter in Senatobia, Mississippi

According to notes in Adolph's diary, he and Louise operated a bakery in Senatobia, Mississippi, in the early 1900's.  Many of the entries in his diary indicate that he made frequent trips to Memphis to purchase supplies.  I have not been able to determine the exact dates that they lived in Senatobia, however, I was able to find some information.

On a few pages of Adolph's diary is a stamp made by a rubber stamp that reads:

Adolph Schlatter
City Bakery
Candies, Fruits and Cigars
Senatobia, Miss

My cousin David Schlatter contacted the library and historical society in Senatobia and he put me in touch with a lady there.  She looked through the microfilm copies of their local newspaper and found several advertisements for a bakery in or around Senatobia, Mississippi, in the early 1900's. 

The ads in the Senatobia - Tate County, MS, newspaper -- the Democrat -- don't do a lot to clear up the picture of when Adolph was in Senatobia operating a bakery.

There are three sets of ads for a bakery in Senatobia.  According to the rubber stamp in Adolph's diary, his bakery is City Bakery.  The ads from the Democrat are for the Tate County Bakery.  This is what I know about the ads -- maybe you can help me sort it out.

Newspaper ad or notice Date(s) Remarks
Ad titled "Baker's Business" 1902:
7 October
4, 11, 18, 21 November
5, 12, 16 December

1903:
2 January
13 March
 

Adolph Schlatter's name appears in the first line of the ad and the name "Tate County Bakery" is at the bottom of the ad.

It appears, then, that Adolph Schlatter was operating the Tate County Bakery in/around Senatobia, MS, at least between October 1902 and March 1903.

Here is a link to the text of the ad.

Ad for "Tate County Bakery, Adolph Schlatter, Proprietor Unknown date  
Ads for "Tate County Bakery, Otto Schlatter, Proprietor." 1904:
16 September
28 October
11 November
I have no idea who Otto Schlatter is but, as of mid-February 2010, I'm searching for him.  Two possibilities come to mind:  (1) The paper may have misprinted the name and it should have been Adolph, not Otto; (2) Adolph turned over the bakery to Otto for some reason.
Notice in Local News column:  " Adolph Schlatter, our popular baker, spent several days last week in Memphis. " 23 August 1905 Now, in August 1905, Adolph is the "popular baker" around Senatobia, MS.
     
     

Baker's Business ad from Senatobia Democrat newspaper.

 

Baker’s Business

________

 Bakers have a curious way of telling just what the temperature of the oven is,” said Adolph Schlatter to a democrat man, and they can tell, too, with almost marvelous accuracy.  You take a man who is an expert in the business and he can tell what the temperature of the oven is by simply touching the handle of the oven door.  In nine times out of ten he will not miss it a fraction of a degree.  Bakers have other ways, of course, of telling the temperature of the oven.  For instance, when baking bread they sometimes throw a piece of white paper and, if it turns brown, the oven is at the proper temperature; or, when baking other things, they will throw a little cornmeal of flour into the oven in order to test the heat.  The baker’s fingers are the best gauges and when you come to think of the different temperatures required in baking different things it is not small achievement to oven approximate the heat of the oven by touching the handle of the oven door.

 Bakers figure that during the rising time of a loaf of bread, after it has been placed in the oven, it ought to be in a temperature of 75 degrees Fahrenheit.  During the baking process, in order to cook the starch, expend the carbonic acid gas, air, and steam, and _____ off the alcohol, the inside of the loaf must register at least ___ degrees.  In baking rolls, buns, scones, tender ___, ___ cakes, New Year’s cakes, fancy cakes, muffins, puff cakes, and things of that sort, the oven must ___ ___ ___ 450 degrees or higher.  When the oven is at 400 degrees, it is fit for cream puffs, sugar cakes, queen cakes, root,  ___ jumbles, lady fingers, rough and ready, and jelly rolls.  At 350 degrees, wine cakes, cup cakes, ginger ___ and snaps, pies, ginger bread, spice cakes, ___ ___ raisin, currant, citron, pound, bride, and so on may be baked.    It requires a still lower temperature to bake wedding cakes, kisses, anise drops, and things in the ___ ___.  But, whatever temperature the old baker wants, he can tell when he has it be simply touching the handle of his oven door.  We have and keep all these things mentioned above.

 Tate County Bakery

 

 Above is the text of an advertisement placed by Adolph Schlatter, proprietor of Tate County Bakery, Senatobia, Mississippi, in the “Senatobia Democrat” newspaper.  The ad has been found in newspapers dated:

  • 1902:  Oct. 7; Nov. 4, 11, 18, and 21; Dec. 5, 12, and16.
  • 1903:  Jan. 2; Mar. 13.

The following ad shows OTTO SCHLATTER as the proprietor of the Tate County Bakery. This ad was in the newspaper on 16 September, 28 October, and 11 November 1904.


The following ad shows ADOLPH SCHLATTER as the proprietor of the Tate County Bakery -- date of ad is unknown.


Where, then, does all this leave us?

  •  The newspaper ads titled "Baker's Business" indicate that Adolph Schlatter was operating the Tate County Bakery in/around Senatobia, MS, at least between October 1902 and March 1903.
  •  Ads in September, October, and November 1904 list Otto Schlatter as the proprietor of the Tate County Bakery.
  •  A notice in the newspaper dated 23 August 1905 refer to "Adolph Schlatter, our popular baker . . . "
  •  Handwritten notes in Adolph's diary state:

A. Schlatter

Tate County

Adolph Schlatter

Senatobia Miss

City Bakery

  •  At several places in Adolph's diary is the imprint of a rubber stamp that reads:
     


    Adolph Schlatter
     City Bakery
     Candies, Fruits and Cigars Senatobia, Miss

     

  •  Entries in Adolph's diary in 1903 and 1904 appear to be shopping lists for items he purchased in Memphis.  Go to his diary and read the transcript starting at page 78.

Conclusion

  • Adolph Schlatter operated a bakery in Senatobia, Tate County, Mississippi.  He was operating the bakery as early as October 1902. 

  • In March 1906 he married Louise Kleiner.

  • In August-September 1908 Adolph, Louise, "Baby Louise" returned to Switzerland. 

  •  Items yet to research:

    •  Details of the Tate County Bakery and the City Bakery, both in/around Senatobia, MS.

    •  Who is Otto Schlatter?

    •  What happened to the bakery in Senatobia when Adolph and Louise returned to Switzerland?

 



Adolph, Emma, and Sons in Shaw, Mississippi

We know that Adolph Schlatter and Emma Waldner settled in Shaw, Bolivar County, Mississippi, after their arrival in the US on 31 October 1910.  We don't have a lot of details; the following is details of what we do know.

The bakery in Shaw

We know where the Schlatter bakery was.  In fact, the old building is still standing in downtown Shaw, MS.  I was born in Centreville, MS, in 1944; my brother, John, was born there in 1950.  In 1951, our father's business transferred us to Knoxville, TN, where my parents lived until their deaths in 2005 and 2007.  We would return to Mississippi in the summer to visit family in Centreville (Wilkinson County) and Shaw.  I recall many visits to Shaw, though I do not specifically remember visiting the old bakery shop.

My grandfather Adolph Schlatter died in 1930.  Emma's brother, Louis Waldner, was a chef at a hotel in Washington, DC.  After Adolph's death, Louis came to Shaw to help run the bakery.  At some point, the family opened a grocery store, or, converted the bakery to a grocery store.  They also operated a movie theater, though I do not know where the theater was located.

Schlatter family bakery in Shaw, MS.

This photo was taken in October 2007.  My parents -- Joseph A. Schlatter, Sr. (d. 29 November 2005), and Annie Lee Richardson Schlatter (d. 18 March 2007) -- were cremated.  On 20 October 2007 we had a memorial service and interred their remains in the Schlatter plot in the Shaw, MS, city cemetery where Adolph, Emma, and their oldest son, John, are buried.  We then took several photos around the old downtown area of the village of Shaw.  The individual in the photo is my brother John F. Schlatter; he is standing in front of the old bakery shop where Adolph, Emma, and their three sons lived and where the Schlatter family operated a bakery and small grocery store from around 1910 until the late 1940's.  The bakery shop is the single-story part of the building -- with three large windows now covered with plywood.  The two-story building to the right was a grocery and "dry goods" store operated by a Chinese family named Lee.

Ethel Wright Mohamed and "Mr. Slatter's bakery

The item quoted below is an interesting story.  I discovered it while doing Internet searches for Shaw, bakery, and other relevant terms. 

    Downtown Belzoni, Mississippi (population 3,000) is hardly the place one might expect to find H. Mohamed's General Merchandise, Mohamed Department ment Store. Moreover, it lies in a district unlikely to be represented in the Mississippi State Legislature by an Ollie Mohamed.

    "Ethel Wright was just a young girl of 16 when she took on a summer job at Mr. Slatter's bakery in Shaw, Mississippi" writes Joseph Schechla in "Taking Root, Bearing Fruit (Volume II)" [This story is paraphrased from this book.]. "Mr. Slatter had instructed Ethel that the six specially-baked loaves prepared daily were for the Jewish families in town. Together with these was one loaf for another man, who Mr. Slatter explained is not Jewish, but he takes from the same bread. This man's name was Mohamed. Hassen Mohamed came in every day around lunch time to pick up his bread, and Ethel couldn't help noticing that this man had the most beautiful brown eyes...The year was 1923...But one day Hassen picked out some cookies to eat while he waited for his order. Ethel had already caught Hassen's eye, and he kept her in sight as he ate his cookies and waited. Finally Ethel found the nerve to speak. 'It seems you sure do like those cookies,' she remarked. Hassen replied, 'It's you I like. And you're going to be my wife.'" The story is told by Ethel Wright Mohamed who was married to Hassen for 42 years before he died in 1965.

    Hassen Mohamed departed his native Lebanese Shiite village of Sir'een in 1911 for a temporary journey to America to earn more money. He settled in Mississippi as a peddler and eventually grew into a successful salesman and businessman. He is said to have "often extended credit to customers in need, and would never demand payment from a widow." Hassen and Ethel Mohamed moved to the Mississippi Delta town of Belzoni. Of the eight Mohamed children (including State Senator Ollie Mohamed), only one no longer lives in the area.

    Hassen was preceded by another cousin already in the Delta and joined by two others who followed. The four cousins maintained their Islamic beliefs throughout. A deep appreciation for the values and heritage of Islam remain with the Mohamed today, family gatherings are highlighted by group dabkeh.

    Since Hassen's death, Ethel Mohamed has become one of the Mississippi Delta's most renowned artists. Her embroideries include a depiction for the Smithsonian's annual American Folklife Festival. Her stitching was portrayed on the event's official poster in 1976. Her art has been exhibited by the Institute on four occasions. Included in her productions are a series on Hassen's life; his immigration; business; and children. She has also embroidered into image Hassen's tales from "A Thousand and One Nights," of Salahuddin and the Crusades.

    http://www.iranian.com/History/Dec97/IslamUSA/

 


The "Mr. Slatter" who owned the bakery is my grandfather, Adolph Schlatter.  There was -- and still is (2009) -- a Jewish family in Shaw, MS, named "Chiz" and it is for this family that my grandfather baked special bread daily.

Ethel Wright Mohamed is noted for her needlework artistry.  This site is dedicated to Ms. Mohamed and her needlework:  http://www.mamasdreamworld.com/

 

 



Adolph's Brothers:  Fred (Frederick ?) Schlatter, and, Heinrich Reinhold Schlatter

We know that Adolph had two brothers who came to the US, although information about both is sketchy.

Here's an article about Heinrich Reinhold Schlatter.

And here's an article about Alfred Schlatter.

 



Solomon Barfuss

Finally, we need to close one loose end -- Solomon Barfuss, Louise's first husband.  Solomon is not a member of our family but his story is one of those human interest tales that pop up when you're doing genealogic research.  According to Shelby County, TN, records, Solomon committed suicide.

According to this death certificate:

  •  At the time of his death, Solomon Barfuss lived at 814 Court St., Memphis, TN.  He was 73 years old and was born in Switzerland, the son of Andrew Barfuss and Lucille Riedberger.
  •  The letter "W" is entered in the block for SINGLE, MARRIED, WIDOWED, OR DIVORCED.  Perhaps Solomon re-married after his divorce from Louise Kleiner and his second wife died.
  •  The cause of death is stated as:  "  This man committed suicide by shooting himself in left temple causing death instantly.  This occurred in his room where he was living.  Cause despondency. "

While searching Ellis Island immigration records, I determined that Solomon Barfuss entered the US in 1899 by himself.  He must have returned to Switzerland because he entered the US again one year later -- 1900 -- with Louise Kleiner.  He is listed as having been born in Switzerland but as a US citizen.  His name, Barfuss, is German for "barefoot."

Adolph's Father, Josef/Joseph Schlatter

UPDATE:  14 March 2010.

We know my grandfather Adolph Schlatter's father was named Josef/Joseph Schlatter.

  •  Entry by Adolph on his application for US citizenship, dated March 1923.
  •  Entry on Adolph's death certificate.
  •  Entries on apprentice contract for Alfred Schlatter, Adolph's brother.

In 1897, when Adolph entered the US at Ellis Island, there is an entry on the ship manifest stating that Adolph is going to Riverhead, NY, to visit his father and brother.

My brother John searched the Ellis Island records and discovered the following information:

Joseph Schlatter; age 66; a shoemaker; from Switzerland; bound for Riverhead, LI

Now, we know that Alfred Schlatter -- Joseph's youngest son -- came to the US in April 1890.  He died in November 1905.  In a letter written to Adolph Schlatter informing him of his brother's death, Alfred's landlady stated that Alfred had some "things" in Riverhead.

From this information, I have concluded:

  •  Alfred Schlatter, youngest son of Joseph Schlatter, came to the US in 1890 and lived and worked at various places on Long Island until his death in 1905.
  •  At some point and for some unknown time, Alfred lived in Riverhead, LI, NY.
  •  In 1896, Joseph Schlatter arrived in the US and went to Riverhead, LI, NY, where his son Alfred was living.
  •  In 1897, Adolph Schlatter arrived in the US and went to Riverhead, LI, NY, where his father Joseph and brother Alfred were living.

If Joseph Schlatter was 66 when he arrived in the US in 1896, he would have been born in 1830.  His sons were born in 1863 (Adolph), 1866 (Heinrich), and 1873 (Alfred).  Thus, Joseph was 33 when his first son was born and was 43 when his third son was born.  Of course, Joseph may have had other sons and daughters -- that's a matter for further research.

 

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