Francis Dubose Richardson
This is a 34-page document that was in the possession of
Annie Lee Richardson Schlatter (1924 – 2007) at time of her death. She had this
document for several years. The provenance of the document is unknown.
In its current form, the document consists of three
introductory pages and 34 photocopied pages of text.
The three introductory pages are :
- Photo of Francis DuBose Richardson
The cover page is handwritten and reads:
At the bottom of the single introductory page is the notation: “TOM LEE
GIBSON, Friars Point, Mississippi, Christmas, 1930.”
The introductory page is followed by this photo of Francis DuBose
These three pages are followed by 31 pages of text.
The text – except for the handwritten cover – appears to be
typeset as all text is fully justified with even right and left margins.
First page of text
The document deals primarily with the story of members of
the Richardson family who moved from their home in South Carolina to near
Woodville, Mississippi, in 1808 – 1811. The main figure in the document is
John Gaulden Richardson, b. 28 February 1785 in Sumter District, SC; d. 19
January 1856, New Iberia, LA.
This document is written in the flowery prose of the late
19th Century. No sources are cited anywhere in the document. Thus, I
assume the document is just what it purpots to be -- the recollections of
Francis Dubose Richardson. He was the son of John Gaulden Richardson who,
with his brother and "100 slaves" trekked from their family's home in South
Carolina to southwest Mississippi in 1808-1010 where they settled near
Woodville, Wilkinson County, Mississippi. Francis DuBose Richardson was
born in Wilkinson County in 1812 and died in New Iberia, LA, in 1901.
The document focuses almost entirely on the life and exploits of John G.
Richardson, the father of the author. It would seem as though Francis
DuBose Richardson's memoirs would include more material than this, but, the
document appears to be complete as it stands.
The following is an outline of the information in this
1680 - 1750
About 1680 John Richardson "by birth a Welchman and his wife"
emigrated from Great Britian and "with a large English colony, settled on the
James River" (Virginia). "He remained there for over twenty years,
becoming fully identified with the growing prosperity of his adopted country,
and died leaving a numerous family."
Early 1700’s several of his children moved to the “Cape Fear River area
of North Carolina.”
1750: Members of the family settled in Sumter District, South Carolina.
Born in North Carolina, 1730.
Captain Arthur Richardson fought with “Marion’s Men” during the
Wife; eight children. Only five children identified are:
Francis; Henry; Stephen; a daughter who married a Cordell; daughter who married
He was killed “by a Tory” after the Revolutionary War in a dispute over
ownership of property, possibly a horse.
Story is that the “Tory” who killed him was notorious for terrorizing
families during the Revolutionary War. After the war the Tory was living in the
Darlington area; Arthur Richardson went to his place of business to settle a
dispute. A fight ensued and “the Tory” stabbed Richardson with a chisel.
Francis Richardson, 1760-1820
Son of Arthur Richardson; born 1760, near Statesburg, Sumter District,
1784: At age 24 married Martha Gaulden.
1790: At Charleston, purchased 30 Negroes for “about $150 a head.”
One of the last survivors of this group was a slave named Leah who became
the property “of the author” (Franics DuBose Richardson ?). She died in Iberia
Parish, LA, in 1877, at approximately 107 years old.
1800: He “heard stories” of land in the Territory of Mississippi.
Later, after his two sons John G. and James B., emigrated to Mississippi, he
moved there. Died near Woodville, MS, 13 December 1820.
Six sons, one daughter:
John Gaulden Richardson
James B. Richardson (I am descended from James B. Richardson,
1789-1859 -> Robert Riley Richardson, 1812-1874 -> Reverdy Hunter Richardson,
1864-1916 -> Clarence James Richardson, 1896-1972 -> Annie Lee Richardson,
1924-2007 -> Joe Schlatter, 1944- )
Susan Richardson; married Hiram Singleton
Jarred Richardson; married ?? Harbor
Arthur Richardson; did not marry
Wade Hampton Richardson; married ?? Harbor
Francis Rivers Richardson; married a sister of Governor McGoffin
of Kentucky and moved to Kentucky.
John Gaulden Richardson, 1785-1856
Born 28 February 1785, Sumter District, SC
He was chosen to lead the first trip by the Richardson family to the
5 December 1808: “First Monday in December 1808” he departed the family
Accompanied by “two slaves, Caesar and Pina.”
“A two-horse covered wagon pulled by two mules;” carrying seed, farming
and kitchen utensils.
In Georgia, “engaged two Choctaw Indian guides.”
January 1809: Reached a settlement of friends from Georgia near
Fourteen miles east of Woodville on the Woodville-Liberty road.
Bought a quarter-section from a squatter named Clarke; this area is still
known as Clarkesfield.
April 1809: Cleared land by burning the cane growing there and planted a
October 1809: Harvested the cotton, sold the crop for seed, returned to
November 1809: Arrived at family home in SC.
16 November 1809: married Margaret DuBose.
“Last Monday in November 1809,” departed with family, including one
brother, and 100 slaves to return to Mississippi.
January 1810: Reached Wilkinson County.
3 March 1813:
War of 1812 had broken out. John G. Richardson was commissioned Captain
in “Mississippi troops” – possibly state militia.
Marched with his company to Pensacola where they were under command of
General Andrew Jackson.
Remained there “until the end of the Florida War.”
8 January 1815
Joined Jackson’s forces at New Orleans, fought in Battle of New Orleans.
Eventually promoted to Colonel.
1826: Built a new house on the Woodville – Liberty Road, about one mile
from the old house.
Martha Louise Richardson; 22 Aug 1810-After 1880
Francis DuBose Richardson; 20 Aug 1812 - 1901
Mary Elizabeth Richardson; 20 Aug 1813 – 6 Dec 1854
Died in infancy – daughter.
John Wesley Richardson; 27 Sep 1814-17 May 1891
Margaret Richardson; 27 Feb 1817-2 Nov 1852
Edward Moore Richardson; 17 Sep 1818-12 Apr 1855
Daniel DuBose Richardson; 7 Sep 1820-29 Sep 1855
Robert Riley Richardson; 1823 - ???? (Note: My
great-great-grandfather is a different Robert Riley Richardson, b. 1812, d.
1874; son of James B. Richardson (1789-1859) and Martha Mary Riley (1795-1867);
grandson of Francis R. Richardson (1763-1820) and Martha Gaulden (1765-1832);
great-grandson of Arthur Richardson, above.)
1826: Wife, Margaret Dubose Richardson died.
John G. Richardson married “Mrs. Winningham” who died four months later.
October 1829: Moved to “8 miles below New Iberia, LA” on Bayou Teche
where he purchased a sugar plantation.
1831: Married “Miss Lemon” of Adams County, MS. She lived 4-5 years
after his death.
1840: Sold the sugar plantation to his sons Edward and Daniel.
January 1856: Died near New Iberia, LA.
Family History Page